Nevsky Bereg 122 is an architectural structure built in 1871 by a famous architect August Ivanovich Lange. Before 1896, this house belonged to Yuly Ivanovich Bush - a 2nd guild merchant and owner of alabaster factory and baths in Obvodny Canal. In 1909 the house was owned by a collegiate counsellor Dr. A.Yu. Bush. In 1912, the owner registered in St. Petersburg address book was I.E. Garunov – a 1st guild merchant, who kept a bank office in the premises of the house at Nevsky Prospekt 124 (now 122).
But the most famous renter of Nevsky 122 apartments was the headquarters of "Narodnaya Volya" (People's Will).
The building housed an apartment of Nikolai Ivanovich Kibalchich, a Russian revolutionary, People's Will member, contriver and participant of attempt on Alexander III's life. Until December 1880, a dynamite workshop and the headquarters of organization of the Tsar's assassination were placed in one of the apartments of Nevsky 122.
"In the summer of 1879, Anna Vasilievna Yakimova became a hostess of the conspirative apartment used as a dynamite workshop. It was located in Nevsky Prospekt, in house No. 124 (now 122). This is the central of the three buildings of a triangular quarter located between Znamenskaya Square (Ploschad Vosstaniya), 1st Rozhdestvenskaya Street (1 Sovetskaya Street) and Nevsky Prospekt. It can be reached from Nevsky Prospekt by a front door with an additional exit to the courtyard; the gate is facing Rozhdestvenskaya Street. The entrance to the staircase leading to the apartment was from the yard" (A.I. Barabanova, E.A. Yamshchikova, "People's Will Activities in St. Petersburg", Leningrad, 1984. P. 50-51).
In the autumn of 1879, N.A. Morozov and his wife O.S. Lyubatovich lived in the same apartment No. 15. Morozov was the editor of People's Will newspaper; the manuscripts were prepared for publication in this apartment. "The dimensions and layout of the apartment have been preserved to the present day, only its number has changed - it became 20 instead of 15. There is a corridor from the entrance door, ending with a kitchen, along the three rooms of the apartment facing 1stSovetskaya Street. Since the apartment was on the fifth floor, and all the surrounding buildings were lower at that time, it was impossible to look into the rooms through the windows.
Editorial meetings were held in this apartment. Morozov kept the briefcase of the editorial board; he processed correspondence, compiled a chronicle together with Lyubatovich. Here, the materials for the first two issues and partly for the third issue of People's Will were prepared.
This conspirative apartment existed for about three months - from the first days of September to November 25, 1879. Its end is associated with the compromise of the headquarters apartment in Leshtukov Lane" (A.I. Barabanova, E.A. Yamshchikova, "People's Will Activities in St. Petersburg", Leningrad, 1984. P. 60-61).